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Public service broadcasting in transition - Croatia, Montenegro, Slovenia

Matkovic, Damir and Brajovic, Sasa et al
Public broadcasting is going through a crisis in most European countries, where they are facing problems with organisational structure, financing and in finding an identity. The effect on post-socialist countries is particularly pronounced as broadcasting services in transition are looking for a public service broadcasting model to copy. In the countries of South Eastern Europe it is clear that transformation from state to public service broadcasting is difficult and has met with much resistance. In most cases the organisations have very bureaucratic structures characterised by lack of public control and inefficient forms of management. These countries wrongly assume that with proper laws state radio and television can be transformed overnight into public broadcasting service. This paper reviews the transformation and the present situation of public service broadcasting in three countries of the former Yugoslavia, Croatia, Montenegro and Slovenia. In the former Yugoslav Federation radio and television were part of a federal broadcasting system. In the newly independent states radio and television didn’t gain editorial independence and were exposed to political control and pressures, especially during periods of conflict.
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Contributor: Peace Institute - Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies - http://www.mirovni-institut.si
Topic: Culture and Civil Society
Country: Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Montenegro
Document Type: Social Analyses
Year: 2002
Keywords: Freedom of Speech, Media, Media Freedom, Public Services, Transition
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